Wednesday, January 29, 2020
James Berardinelli Essay James Berardinelli, in his review of the film Good Will hunting, provided a very insightful detail of the movie in general and the characters that played it. I would say that in many instances I agree with him, especially when he said that the story was ordinary, because I also felt that way about it. Nevertheless, the simplicity made it more appealing to me because it does not make you think hard while watching; you just sit back, relax and take in the realities of life that the movie exposes. On the critics of the characters in the story, I believe that he had given quite a fair description of each of them. There were really astounding and outstanding performances but then there are also those so-so performances at one time or another but I think that everyone complemented each other, thus the film came out powerful despite the ordinariness of the story. In addition, I say that it was so keen of Berardinelli to identify the chemistry within the relationships of the actors on and off the camera, thus he was able to provide a critical analysis of the interaction of the characters. What I liked most about this critic is that he was able to exhaust and tackle almost all aspects of the film, not just focusing on the plot, the characters, the acting, etc. It is all-encompassing; thus, if you read it prior to watching the film, you will already have a clear idea of what to expect from the movie. Indeed, there are chances that you would disagree with the review; however, it provides a good example of what reviews should be like or the pattern that it should be done. In the end, what really matters is how one personally sees the film. The review showed one perspective and different people would have different reactions to it. For me, however, this review pretty much sums up what I felt about the film; thus I will give Berardinelli two thumbs up for being very critical about it.
Tuesday, January 21, 2020
This fall, the second instalment of the Hunger Games trilogy was released in theatres. The main character, Katniss Everdeen, is a brave, intelligent, female character with an exceptional level of physical and inner strength. Even 50 years ago it would have been considered unacceptable to present this type of female in entertainment and media has made significant strides when representing women in such a positive way. Yet in the 16th century, Shakespeare crafted a character that shared many of the same traits as Katniss while simultaneous pleasing an audience with traditional views on femininity. As a result, Lady Macbeth is a feminist role model before the rise of feminist ideology in the mainstream and a truly evil person as well. Lady Macbeth is shown to be a leader as it is her ambition that is the driving force behind the murder plot and her husbands actions. She had the strength to go through with the plan to kill King Duncan and holds it together for both she and Macbeth afte r the muder is complete. Finally, in elizabethan England the idea that a women could be capable of such evil wrongdoing would have been inconceivable. The fact that Lady Macbeth had murderous thoughts makes her equal to the men she was surrounded by. It is through these points that Lady MacbethÃ¢â¬â¢s character can be both vilified and explored as a feminist role model. An audience who would have attended Macbeth in the 16th century would have believed that women we're incapable of ambition and leadership. Lady Macbeth shatters this when she latches onto the idea that Macbeth will be king and creates a plot to murder Duncan. While Macbeth is hesitant about assassinating the current monarch, Lady Macbeth doesn't have a second though; she tells her husband... ...he makes a plea to Ã¢â¬Å"Make thick my blood. Stop up the access and passage to remorseÃ¢â¬ (1. 5. 33-37). Her character broke down the notion that women are somehow more pure than men. She does an awful thing and as a result she sheds a light on the difference between the evil in men and women, there is none. If Shakespeare was alive today the story of Macbeth might have gone a little differently. People are multidimensional, they can be motivated by terrible thing and feel hesitation and guilt for these forces at the same time. As a result, Lady Macbeth could be the only Macbeth if the play has been written after the 20th century. She is both the face of women in power and a prime example of what happens when power gets the best of you. Lady Macbeth uses her ambition, leadership skills, emotional strength, and sheer absence of remorse to gain the throne for her husband.
Monday, January 13, 2020
Part 1: The Hearth and the Salamander 1. a) When does this story take place? The story takes place in the future, approximately 500 years from the time this book was written, so we estimate around the year 2450. The story is also set in the autumn. b) What clue does the author offer to support this theory on page 4? The author uses technology that doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t exist yet to support his theory. The example on page 4 would be: Ã « the silent air-propelled train slid soundlessly down its lubricated flue in the earth and let him out with a great puff of warm air onto the cream-tiled escalator rising to the suburb. Ã » On page 5 we know it is autumn when the author writes: Ã¢â¬Å" The autumn leaves blew overÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ . 2. a) What does Guy Montag do for a living? (p. 3-4) Guy Montag is a fireman. In this book, firemen start fires in houses to be able to burn the books inside of these. b) How does he feel about his job at the beginning of the novel? Find one sentence that supports your answer. (p. 3) The main character is very happy with his job in the beginning of the novel as we can see in the first two lines: Ã¢â¬Å"It was a pleasure to burn. It was a special pleasure to see things eaten, to see things blackened and changed.Ã¢â¬ 3. a) Find a metaphor on page 3. The metaphor found on page 3 is: Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ ¦with this great python spitting its venomous kerosene upon the worldÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ b) Find a metaphor on page 5. The metaphor on page 5 is: Ã¢â¬Å"Her face was slender and milk-white, and in it was a kind of gentle hunger that touched over everything with tireless curiosity.Ã¢â¬ 4. a) Explain the symbolism of the girlÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"milk-whiteÃ¢â¬ face and white dress. (p. 5) The girlÃ¢â¬â¢s face and dress are milk-white and thisÃ symbolises purity. She is only 17 years old and very pure. White also symbolises the girlÃ¢â¬â¢s frailty and femininity. It also serves as a contrast to the very dark nature of the novel. b) At what other point in the story does the author use this same technique? (p. 36-38) When the author is speaking of the book as an innocent thing: Ã¢â¬Å" A book lit, almost obediently, like a white pigeon, in his hands, wings fluttering. In the dim, wavering light, a page hung open and it was like a snowy feather, the words delicately painted thereon.Ã¢â¬ Once again, the author has used the whiteness to show the oppression in this world so sombre. 5. a) Why do they have 200 foot-long billboards on the side on the highway? (p.9) The author explains this well when Clarisse asks Montag: Ã¢â¬Å"Have you seen the two hundred-foot-long billboards in the country beyond town? Did you know that once billboards were only twenty feet long? But cars started rushing by so quickly they had to stretch the advertising out so it would last.Ã¢â¬ b) What is Clarisse referring to when she talks about green, pink, white, and brown blurs (p. 9) When Clarisse speaks of green blurs, she is referring to grass, pink blurs to rose gardens, white blurs to houses and brown blurs to cows. This is telling us that the drivers are driving very fast and therefore do not take the time to examine whatÃ¢â¬â¢s around them. 6. What clue does the author give in order to describe human interaction in GuyÃ¢â¬â¢s world? (p. 10) The author describes human interaction in GuyÃ¢â¬â¢s world as very superficial when he describes his apparently casual meeting with Clarisse as unusual. We know this when the author writes: Ã¢â¬Å"What a strange meeting on a strange night. He remembered nothing like it save one afternoon a year ago when he had met an old man in the park and they had talkedÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ 7. The author describes MontagÃ¢â¬â¢s bedroom as cold, dark, and quiet. Find two words that support this statement. (p. 11) The author describes his room as cold, dark, and quiet when he says words like: Ã¢â¬Å"mausoleum, tomb and darknessÃ¢â¬ The first two are resting places for the dead and the last one speaks for itself. 8. a) In your own words, summarize how Mildred was saved from certain death after overdosing on pills. (p. 14-15) Mildred was saved from certain death after overdosing on pills by a couple of machinists. The first machine pumps out the poison with a tube that went into her stomach. It had a camera at the end of it that the operator looked through. The other machine served as a blood transfusion mechanism. It replaced the contaminated blood with new one. b) What is significant about the manner in which the Ã¢â¬Å"OperatorsÃ¢â¬ saved MildredÃ¢â¬â¢s life? (p. 14-15) The fact that it was a the operators saved Mildred in a very mechanical way, instead of doctors, shows us how evolved the technology has become. It is also significant in the sense that it is done in a casual manner and that it is very normal to do so in this world. c) Why do you think Mildred decided to take all of these pills? I think Mildred decided to take all of these pills because she was not satisfied with her life. She knew there was better ways to live and decided that she could never achieve this way of living because of her social status. We know there are a lot of these cases when the operator says: Ã¢â¬Å"We get these cases nine or ten a night. Got so many, starting a few years ago, we had the special machines built.Ã¢â¬ 9. What is the significance of GuyÃ¢â¬â¢s meeting with Clarisse? What effect does it have on him? GuyÃ¢â¬â¢s meeting with Clarisse is very significant because it opens him to the thought process. He never stopped to analyse anything before. He just did what he was supposed to do, like burn books. It has the effect that he is beginning to think things out. Example: Ã¢â¬Å"Of course IÃ¢â¬â¢m happy. What does she think? IÃ¢â¬â¢m not? he asked the quiet rooms.Ã¢â¬ (p. 10) and Ã¢â¬Å" There are too many of us, he thoughtÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ (p. 16). 10. On page 18, what clue does the author give to show that this story is taking place in the future? The author shows the us that this story is taking place in the future with the help of technology again when he says: Ã¢â¬Å"Toast popped out of the silverÃ toaster, was seized by a spidery metal hand that drenched it with melted butter.Ã¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"She had both ears plugged with electronic beesÃ¢â¬ . 11. Find an antithesis on page 24. The antithesis found on page 24 are: Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ ¦a hotness and a coldness, a softness and a hardness, a trembling and a not tremblingÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"slept but did not sleep, lived but did not liveÃ¢â¬ . 12. a) How does Captain Beatty describe the Mechanical Hound? Find on sentence that supports your answer. Captain Beatty describes the Mechanical Hound as emotionless and it acts upon our reactions / way of thinking, on page 26, when he says: Ã¢â¬Å"It doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t like or dislike. It just Ã¢â¬Ëfunctions.Ã¢â¬â¢ ItÃ¢â¬â¢s like a lesson in ballistics. It has a trajectory we decide on for it. It follows through. It targets itself, homes itself, and cuts off. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s only copper wire, storage batteries, and electricity.Ã¢â¬ b) What is symbolic about the Hound? The Hound is a symbol of cruelty and bitterness. We know this when Montag describes the programming as: Ã¢â¬Å"all we put into it is hunting and finding and killing. What a shame if thatÃ¢â¬â¢s all it can ever know.Ã¢â¬ (p. 27) Beatty further proves the symbolism of the type of justice in this world when he replies to Montag by saying: Ã¢â¬Å"ItÃ¢â¬â¢s a fine bit of craftsmanship, a good rifle that can fetch its own target and guarantees the bullÃ¢â¬â¢s-eye every timeÃ¢â¬ . It is also symbolic of the society because it just does and doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t think before doing. 13. a) How does Clarisse describe the education system in her society? (p. 29) Clarisse describes the education system in her society as her society in general, that is that you are told what to think. She describes a typical day at school: Ã¢â¬Å"An hour of TV class, an hour of basketball or baseball or running, another hour of transcription history or painting pictures, and more sports, but do you know, we never ask questions, or at least most donÃ¢â¬â¢t; they just run the answers at you, bing, bing, bing, and us sitting there for four more hours of film teacher.Ã¢â¬ b) Contrast Clarisse and the other Students her own age (p. 29-31). ClarisseÃ is considered antisocial and doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t mix with the others. While the others do as they are told, they are considered social. She gives this diverging opinion on socialism when she tells Montag: Ã¢â¬Å"Being with people is nice. But I donÃ¢â¬â¢t think itÃ¢â¬â¢s social to get a bunch of people together and then not let them talk, do you?Ã¢â¬ . c) What is ironic about the other studentsÃ¢â¬â¢ perception of Clarisse? It is very ironic that other children donÃ¢â¬â¢t like Clarisse because she is afraid of them. I say this is ironic because it would be normal to be afraid of people who kill each other. Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬â¢m afraid of children my own age. They kill each otherÃ¢â¬ ¦IÃ¢â¬â¢m afraid of them and they donÃ¢â¬â¢t like me because IÃ¢â¬â¢m afraid.Ã¢â¬ 14. a) How does the author exemplify societyÃ¢â¬â¢s indifference or lack of caring and understanding on page 32? The author exemplifies societyÃ¢â¬â¢s indifference when the firemen are playing cards nonchalantly while a war is going on outside. Ã¢â¬Å" November fourthÃ¢â¬ ¦sighing on their cardsÃ¢â¬ ¦The voice clock mourned out the cold hour of a cold morning of a still colder yearÃ¢â¬ ¦war may be declared any hourÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ b) Find another example of this on page 44. Another example of societyÃ¢â¬â¢s lack of caring would be when the author writes: Ã¢â¬Å" And he remembered thinking then that if she died, he was certain he wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t cry. For it would be the dying of an unknown, a street face , a newspaper imageÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ 15. What do we learn about Guy and MildredÃ¢â¬â¢s relationship on pages 43 and 44? We learn that the Montags donÃ¢â¬â¢t really know each other when they canÃ¢â¬â¢t remember when they met: Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬Å"Why it was at-Ã¢â¬ She stopped. Ã¢â¬Å"I donÃ¢â¬â¢t know,Ã¢â¬ she said. He was cold. Ã¢â¬Å"CanÃ¢â¬â¢t you remember?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"ItÃ¢â¬â¢s been so long.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Only ten years, thatÃ¢â¬â¢s all, only ten!Ã¢â¬ The author also mentions the wall between the two: Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ ¦wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t there a wall between him and MildredÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ 16. a) What do we learn about Clarisse on page 47 We learn that Clarisse is dead on page 47 when Mildred tells Montag: Ã¢â¬Å"I think sheÃ¢â¬â¢s goneÃ¢â¬ ¦I think sheÃ¢â¬â¢s deadÃ¢â¬ ¦no the same girl. McClellan.Ã¢â¬ b) Analyze MildredÃ¢â¬â¢s speech. How does the way she talks reflect her personality?Ã MildredÃ¢â¬â¢s speech shows us that she is impersonal when she forgets about the neighbour being killed by a car four days ago. She also isnÃ¢â¬â¢t sure of the situation and doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t seem to care to much when she says: Ã¢â¬Å"No, not sure. Pretty sureÃ¢â¬ ¦ForgotÃ¢â¬ ¦I forgot all about itÃ¢â¬ . 17. a) What is the cause of MontagÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"illnessÃ¢â¬ ? MontagÃ¢â¬â¢s illness is caused by the fact that a woman has died in a fire that they caused the night before. Ã¢â¬Å"We burnt a thousand books. We burnt a womanÃ¢â¬ ¦.she was rational as you and I, more so perhaps, and we burnt her.Ã¢â¬ (p. 50-51). b) Do you believe he is actually sick? Explain. I donÃ¢â¬â¢t believe he is actually sick because he is questioning his career and has a book he wants to read. Ã¢â¬Å"Montag fell back in bed. He reached under his pillow. The hidden book was still there. Mildred, how would it be if, well, maybe, I quit my job awhile?Ã¢â¬ (p. 50-51). 18. On page 51, what reason does Montag give for becoming a fireman? Montag tells us that he didnÃ¢â¬â¢t have a choice of career. He had to follow his family line of work when he says: Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬Å"Thought!Ã¢â¬ he said. Ã¢â¬Å"Was I given a choice? My grandfather and father were firemen. In my sleep, I ran after them.Ã¢â¬ on page 51. 19. How does captain Beatty justify the burning of books? What reasons does he give to support his theory? (p. 58-63) Captain Beatty justifies the burning of books as a means to eliminate prejudice against intellectualism and thus improve happiness. We see this when he says: Ã¢â¬Å"the word Ã¢â¬ËintellectualÃ¢â¬â¢, of course, became the swear word it deserved to be.Ã¢â¬ (p. 58) and Ã¢â¬Å"You must understand that our civilization is so vast that we canÃ¢â¬â¢t have our minorities upset and stirredÃ¢â¬ ¦People want to be happy, isnÃ¢â¬â¢t that right?Ã¢â¬ (p. 59). He also says that this happiness is the backbone to his theory when he speaks of death on page 60: Ã¢â¬Å"Five minutes after a person is dead heÃ¢â¬â¢s on his way to the Big Flue, the Incinerators serviced by helicopters all over the country. Ten minutes after death a manÃ¢â¬â¢s a speck of black dust. LetÃ¢â¬â¢s not quibble over individuals withÃ memoriums. Forget them. Burn all, burn everything. Fire is bright and fire is clean.Ã¢â¬ 20. As Montag looked through a window, he remembered that Clarisse had once mentioned that most houses had no front porches, no gardens, and no rocking chairs. Why do you think this is so? Most houses donÃ¢â¬â¢t have any front porches, gardens or rocking chairs because this led to discussion and analyzation of the day passing by. It is considered as dead time, time to think. Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ ¦the real reason, hidden underneath, might be they didnÃ¢â¬â¢t want people sitting like that, doing nothing, rocking, talking; that was the wrong kind of social life. People talked too much. And they had time to think. So they ran off with the porches. And the gardens, too.Ã¢â¬ (p. 63).
Sunday, January 5, 2020
If youve seen enough scary Halloween movies, then youve heard the term ectoplasm. Slimer left green gooey ectoplasm slime in his wake in Ghostbusters. In The Haunting in Connecticut, Jonah emits ectoplasm during aÃ sÃ ©ance. These movies are works of fiction, so you may be wondering whether ectoplasm is real. Real Ectoplasm Ectoplasm is a defined term in science. Its used to describe the cytoplasm of the one-celled organism, the amoeba, which moves by extruding portions of itself and flowing into space. Ectoplasm is the outer portion of an amoebas cytoplasm, while endoplasm is the inner portion of the cytoplasm. Ectoplasm is a clear gel that helps the foot or pseudopodium of an amoeba change direction. Ectoplasm changes according to the acidity or alkalinity of the fluid. The endoplasm is more watery and contains most of the cells structures. So, yes, ectoplasm is a real thing. Ectoplasm from aÃ Medium or Spirit Then, there is the supernatural kind of ectoplasm. The term was coined by Charles Richet, the French physiologist who won the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1913 for his work on anaphylaxis. The word comes from the Greek words ektos, which means outside and plasma, which means molded or formed, in reference to the substance said to be manifested by a physical medium in a trance. Psychoplasm and teleplasm refer to the same phenomenon, although teleplasm is ectoplasm that acts at a distance from the medium. Ideoplasm is ectoplasm that molds itself into the likeness of a person. Richet, like many scientists of his time, was interested in the nature of the material said to be excreted by a medium, that could allow a spirit to interact with a physical realm. Scientists and physicians known to have studied ectoplasm includeÃ German physician and psychiatristÃ Albert Freiherr von Schrenck-Notzing,Ã German embryologist Hans Driesch, physicistÃ Edmund Edward Fournier dAlbe,Ã and English scientist Michael Faraday.Ã Unlike Slimers ectoplasm, accounts from the early 20th century describe ectoplasm as a gauzy material. Some said it started out translucent and then materialized to become visible. Others said ectoplasm faintly glowed. Some people reported a strong odor associated with the stuff. Other accounts stated ectoplasm disintegrated upon exposure to light. Most reports describe ectoplasm as cool and moist and sometimes vicious.Ã Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, working with a medium identified as Eva C., stated ectoplasm felt like a living material, moving and responding to his touch. For the most part, mediums of the day were frauds and their ectoplasm was revealed to beÃ a hoax. While several notable scientists conducted experiments on ectoplasm to determine its source, composition, and properties, its difficult to tell whether they were analyzing the real deal or an example of stage showmanship.Ã Schrenck-Notzing obtained a sample of ectoplasm, which he described as filmy and organized like a biological tissue sample, which degraded into epithelial cells with nuclei, globules, and mucus. While researchers weighed the medium and resulting ectoplasm, exposed samples to light, and stained them, there dont appear to have been any successful attempts to identify chemical substances in the matter. But, scientific understanding of elements and molecules was limited at the time. Quite honestly, most of any investigation centered on determining whether or not the medium and the ectoplasm were fraudulent Modern Ectoplasm Being a medium was a viable business at the end of the 19th century and beginning of the 20th century. In the modern era, fewer people claim to be mediums. Of these, only a handful are mediums who emit ectoplasm. While videos of ectoplasm abound on the internet, theres little information about samples and test results. More recent samples have been identified as human tissue or fragments of fabric.Ã Basically, mainstream science views ectoplasm with skepticism or outright disbelief. Make Homemade Ectoplasm The most common fake ectoplasm was simply a sheet of fine muslin (a sheer fabric). If you want to go for the early 20th-century medium effect, you could use any sheer sheet or spider web type of material. The slimy version can be replicated using egg whites (with or without bits of thread or tissue) or slime. Luminescent Ectoplasm Recipe Heres a nice glowing ectoplasm recipe thats easy to make using readily available materials: 1 cup of warm water4 ounces clear non-toxic glue (white works too, but wont produce clear ectoplasm)1/2 cup liquid starch2-3 tablespoons glow in the dark paint or 1-2 teaspoons of glow powder Mix together the glue and water until the solution is uniform.Stir in the glow paint or powder.Use a spoon or your hands to mix in the liquid starch to form ectoplasm slime.Shine a bright light on the ectoplasm so it will glow in the dark.Store your ectoplasm in a sealed container to keep it from drying out. Theres also an edible ectoplasm recipe, in case you need to drip ectoplasm from your nose or mouth. References Crawford, W. J.Ã The Psychic Structures at the Goligher Circle.Ã London, 1921. Schrenck-Notzing, Baron A.Ã The Phenomena of Materialisation.Ã London, 1920. Reprint, New York: Arno Press, 1975.